Constitution of India
First page of Constitution of India

Who doesn’t know that January 26 is a national holiday every year as India proudly celebrates its Republic Day. Republic Day of India is celebrated in honour of the day of January 26, 1950 when the Constitution of India came to effect. The Constitution of India replaced the sole governing document; Government of India Act 1935. After the replacement, the country became a republic. And therefore, Republic Day of India. This year 2021, will witness the 71st Republic Day of India. 

India got its independence on 15 August, 1947 but it was still following the British established Government of India Act 1935. Later, in 1949 the Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November. And it finally came into effect on 26 January, 1950.

Republic Day History | Importance of Republic Day | Why Do we celebrate Republic Day?

Republic Day in India is celebrated on 26 January every year since 1950. On this day, the Constitution of India came into force. India was ruled by the British Raj for over 200 years. After independence, on 29 August, 1947 a Drafting Committee with the chairmanship of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was appointed to draft a permanent set of laws. Basically, a permanent Constitution. It took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to draft the Constitution. Later, the 308-member assembly signed the draft on 24 January, 1950. In total two drafts were signed; one in Hindi and other in English. Finally, the Constitution of India came into force two days later on 26 January, 1950. Making India a newly formed Republic(Source: Wikipedia). 

In addition, on the same day, Dr. Rajendra Prasad took the charge of the President office, serving his first term as the President of the Indian Union. Moreover, the Constituent Assembly was converted to the Parliament. 

Republic Day Celebrations

Republic Day Celebrations
Republic Day Celebrations

Republic Day is celebrated every year with pride and enthusiasm. The main grand celebrations take place in the capital city of India; New Delhi. The main event that takes place every year is the Republic Day Parade. The celebrations are dedicated to pay a tribute to this culturally rich country – India; its unity, diversity and heritage. Along with the parade, facilitation of civilians also takes place and the Padma Awards are distributed. Padma Awards – Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri; are the second highest civilian award after Bharat Ratna. 

Apart from the main celebrations at Rajpath, New Delhi most of the institutions and organisations all over the country organise their own celebrations as the patriotic respect. Cultural programmes are organised which includes patriotic songs, dances, motivational speeches and so one. The flag hoisting of the tricolour flag of India also takes place all over the nation. However, 26 January being a national holiday, the Republic Day celebrations in various institutions and organizations takes place on a working day right before the 26 January; Republic Day.

Republic Day Parade

Every year, the Ministry of Defence (MoD)organises the grand parade in the national capital, New Delhi. The Parade march commences from Rashtrapati Bhawan along the Rajpath, New Delhi. Various regiments of the Indian Armed Forces; three wings – Army, Navy and Air Force marches to India Gate, New Delhi along with their bands and official decorations. The President of India takes the salute from the parade as the hon’ble President of India is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The President hoist the tricolour flag. During the salutation, the national anthem is played.

On the other hand, Various states display their beautiful culture. India’s Defence Forces showcase their skills with the latest missiles, aircrafts, and weapon systems. There are several shows and events organised along with the parade. Interestingly, the Air Force also organises sky shows. The celebrations are very aesthetically beautiful and glorious.

About Republic Day 2021 | Covid-19 & Republic Day

This year, the Republic Day celebrations will take place despite the Covid-19. However, keeping the situation in mind, there will be restrictions and prohibitions in spectators, performers, participants and gatherings. The number of spectators is restricted. On the other hand, there will be a restricted number of paramilitary and armed forces. A reduced size will be marching on a reduced route of march. Apart from this, the cultural programmes have been reduced as well. All the necessary precautions will be taken care of.

Every year a chief guest from another nation graces the occasion of Republic Day, with their presence. For this year too, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson was invited for the Republic Day Parade. However, unfortunately, the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced recently that he won’t be able to join the Republic Day celebration as the rise in the spread of the mutant strain of the Covid-19 virus in the UK (Source: Timesnow).

Republic Day Quotes | Republic Day Messages | Republic Day Wishes 

“Constitution is not a mere lawyers document, it is a vehicle of Life, and its spirit is always the spirit of Age.” 

B.R. Ambedkar

“A nation’s culture resides in the hearts and in the soul of its people.” 

Mahatma Gandhi

“Even if I died in the service of the nation, I would be proud of it. Every drop of my blood… will contribute to the growth of this nation and to make it strong and dynamic.” 

Indira Gandhi

“The sanctity of law can be maintained only so as long as it is the expression of the will of the people.”

Bhagat Singh

“Every Indian should now forget that he is a Rajput, a Sikh or a Jat. He must remember that he is an Indian.” 

Sardar Patel

Today Is The Day When Everyone Young Or Old, Tall Or Short, Light Skin Or Dark Must Come Together To Show The Whole World That This Nation Is The Best Nation Under The Sun. Happy Republic Day!

“A country’s greatness lies in its undying ideals of love and sacrifice that inspire the mothers of the race.”

Sarojini Naidu

“India has two million gods, and worships them all. In religion all other countries are paupers; India is the only millionaire.”

Mark Twain

Recalling and rejoicing in the victory of our freedom fighters on this republic day best wishes to all. Vande Mataram!

Even as we celebrate this memorable day in the history of our mother nation, let us keep checking on our underprivileged brothers and sisters on the streets; Let us show the beauty of this nation to everyone regardless of social, economic or financial background. Happy Republic Day!

“At the dawn of history India started on her unending quest, and trackless centuries are filled with her striving and the grandeur of her success and her failures. Through good and ill fortune alike she [India] has never lost sight of that quest or forgotten the ideals which gave her strength.”

 Jawaharlal Nehru

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