Scientific temper is a way of life that uses a scientific way. It may consequently include questioning, observing physical reality, testing, hypothesizing, analyzing, and communication. An individual process of acting and thinking determines a behavior that involves the application of logic.
The vital parts of scientific temper are discussion, argument, and analysis. Various elements like fairness, equality, and democracy. The most important characteristic of a scientific temper is: – untiring search for truth with an open mind and spirit of inquiry.
Scientific temper is very important for bringing forth a progressive society. It is free from superstitions. Irrational practices in developing the nation are in all aspects like political, economic and social. Science has lifted the standards of it’s living for two centuries.
Historians give credit to Jawahar Lal Nehru for the term scientific temper. In the book The Discovery of India, he described the scientific approach as the adventurous and yet critical temper of science. It is the search for the truth and new knowledge, and the refusal to accept anything without testing and trial. The capacity to change previous conclusions in the face of new evidence. All of this is necessary. And, not merely for the application of science but for life itself and the solution to its many problems.
Many leading scientific thinkers believed it during the Age of Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution in Europe. Pt.Nehru was keenly aware that India’s turn of events and liberation from the scourge of visually impaired confidence, strange notion, and superstition and position division would require constitutional strength and persistence.
We are currently experiencing a rather confused phase in our society, where this prerequisite for scientific temper is at the same time being communicated with specious cases of India’s old logical ability and scam “supernatural occurrences” being performed by masters and impostors. A portion of India’s supposed “pragmatists” who battled for the logical reason, for example, Narendra Dabholkar and M.M. Kalburgi, have been killed. Science itself appears to have been usurped as an instrument of patriotism.
The advancement of science requires collaboration within and across nations, and increasingly across disciplines. Science and the scientific temper are imperative if better lives are to be assured to a billion plus people in a country constrained by resources, particularly energy, and at a time when the world is beginning to feel the devastating impacts of climate change. Abnormal weather patterns and natural disasters, including bush-fires in Australia, flooding in Indonesia and nonseasonal frost in India, are likely to get more intense in the coming decades. Only science and the application of the mind can offer solutions at scale and in an affordable fashion if we are to pursue inclusive development. Science lifted the world and its living standards over the past two centuries, and it can do so again.
The future of science and scientific temper mean to the Indians who do not deserve than pride in the past. It is better to accept scientist in present era rather than accepting people who encourage the spread of superstitions.
It is time for us to discover our fundamental duty towards scientific temper and encourage ideology free science in true spirit of inquiry and reformation. This lays the most promising path for India.
The current prime minister of India, Narendra Modi has also emphasized on the fact that “A society with a scientific temper is always on path of development’’.
Scientific temper is important in nation building as it allows participation of civil society and develops democratic state in nation that promotes welfare.
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